Glossary

Now what exactly was …? The world of logistics is full of technical terms, and new terms are constantly being added. Our glossary explains them all in a nutshell. If a term you are looking for is not listed here, please don't hesitate to contact us. We'll be happy to add your technical term to our list.



Entries beginning with «d»

Dangerous Goods Declaration

Document issued by a shipper in accordance with applicable conventions or regulations, describing hazardous goods or materials for transport purposes, and stating that the latter have been packed and labeled in accordance with the provisions of the relevant conventions or regulations.

DC
Distribution Center

A DC is a facility where inbound consignments of raw materials, components or finished goods are received, divided and recombined into outbound shipments. Many DCs serve as warehouses and have IT systems and specialized handling and storage equipment.

Delivery flexibility

Delivery flexibility refers to the degree of flexibility in the supplier's delivery system. A high degree of delivery flexibility means that special customer requirements can be taken into consideration. A low degree of delivery flexibility means that the customer's supply logistics are governed by rigid rules of distribution. In general, three main factors determine the degree of delivery flexibility: order procedures, delivery procedures and information supplied by the customer.

Delivery Order

A delivery order is a document required when an importer needs the help of a third party to make a delivery, for example when, in the case of a consolidated bill of lading, several lots are loaded for different recipients. In such cases the importer requires a pre-delivery inspection. The customer is only allowed to take possession of the goods in the presence of the holder of the bill of lading. This prevents the customer from bypassing the inspection.

Delivery quality

Delivery quality is a measure of the degree to which a delivery gives the customer cause for complaint. Delivery quality is influenced by two factors - delivery accuracy and the condition of the consignment. Delivery accuracy is the degree to which the required type and quantity of products ordered are actually delivered. The condition of the consignment indicates how effective the packaging has been in protecting the goods.

Delivery service

Delivery service essentially covers the delivery time, delivery reliability, delivery quality and delivery flexibility.

Delivery time

Delivery time refers to the complete period from the moment when an order reaches the supplier to the moment when the recipient receives the goods. It encompasses processing of the order, order picking, securing the cargo, loading, transport and unloading on arrival at the destination.

Density of Commodity

Mass of a commodity to its volume.

Dispatch

Process of sending goods.

Distribution

The process of storing and transporting finished goods between the end of the production line and the final customer.

Distribution logistics

Distribution logistics refers to the type of logistics in which all the planning, administrative and physical processes involved in the distribution of goods from an industrial or commercial source to the next stage of the supply chain or to the end consumer are dealt with. The ultimate aim is to deliver the right goods in the required quantity and quality to the right place at the right time. Another requirement fulfilled by distribution logistics is that the processes are kept as cost-effective as possible.

Door-to-door transport

This type of transport involves goods being transported directly from the sender to the recipient. There is no warehousing involved. One can also change the means of transport used.

Drop Shipment

A drop shipment is the direct shipment of goods from a manufacturer to a dealer or consumer, bypassing the wholesaler.

Duty

1. Ad valorem duty means an assessed amount at a certain percentage rate on the monetary value of an import. 2. Specific duty: an assessment on the weight or quantity of an article without preference to its monetary value or market price. 3. Drawback: a recovery in whole or in part of duty paid on imported merchandise at the time of exportation, in the same or different form.